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Note that if your device supports Wi-Fi, it is most likely affected.During our initial research, we discovered ourselves that Android, Linux, Apple, Windows, Open BSD, Media Tek, Linksys, and others, are all affected by some variant of the attacks.By forcing nonce reuse in this manner, the encryption protocol can be attacked, e.g., packets can be replayed, decrypted, and/or forged.The same technique can also be used to attack the group key, Peer Key, TDLS, and fast BSS transition handshake.
Additionally, depending on the device being used and the network setup, it is also possible to decrypt data sent towards the victim (e.g. Although websites or apps may use HTTPS as an additional layer of protection, we warn that this extra protection can (still) be bypassed in a worrying number of situations.However, because messages may be lost or dropped, the Access Point (AP) will retransmit message 3 if it did not receive an appropriate response as acknowledgment.As a result, the client may receive message 3 multiple times. Concretely, attackers can use this novel attack technique to read information that was previously assumed to be safely encrypted.This can be abused to steal sensitive information such as credit card numbers, passwords, chat messages, emails, photos, and so on.